Eiffel Tower Facts

Video highlights from Pricing The Priceless

Learn about Paris' famous Eiffel Tower, nicknamed 'La dame de fer' (Iron Lady).

Years Built: 1887-1889 for 1889 Universal Exhibition and Centennial of the French Revolution

Engineers : Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier

Architect : Stephen Sauvestre

Contractor : Gustave Eiffel

Occasion for Construction:  1889 Universal Exhibition

Construction Period: 23 January 1887 to March 1889 (2years,2months,5days)

Tower inaugurated: March 31, 1889

Number of Steel Workers: 300

Number of Workers Killed during Construction: 1

Rivets: 2,500,000

Steel pieces: 18,038

Height: 300.51 metres (+/- 15 cm depending on temperature)
1st level -  57 metres
2nd level - 115 metres
3rd level - 276 metres

Height including television antenna: 320.755 metres

Weight: 7,000 tons (1,000 tons removed during 1990's renovation)

Base: 412 feet square, although also noted as about 2.5 acres

Foundation Pressure: 58.26 to 64 psi (9000 psf)

Paint: 50 tons every 7 years

Paint Color: Dark Brown

Steps to Top: 1789 (Birnbaum), 1671 (Joseph Harriss), 1652 (others),

Steps walkable by visitors (Ground to 2nd floor): 704

Year lighting added contributing to Paris' reputation as "City of Lights": 1986

Lighting : 352 projectors of 1000 watts

Day the German flag was hoisted on the Eiffel Tower as German army entered and occupied Paris: June 14, 1940

Number of Visitors, 1987: 4,000,000

Number of visitors, 1996 : 5,530,279

Numbers of visitors from the beginning to 1996: 167,664,439

First Radio Transmission: 1918

First TV transmission: 1957

Maximum sway in wind: 12 cm

Tallest Structure in the World: 1889-1930 (until Chrysler Building)

2nd Tallest Structure in the World: 1930-1932 (Until Empire State Bldg)

Parachute Descent: 1984 by two Englishmen

Bicycle Descent: 1923 by a journalist

Mountaneering Ascent: 1954

Visibility on a clear day:  67 kilometers (42 miles)

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